Miniature Horse Emergency Medical Kit
I Am Ranch Miniature Horses is sharing with you what we do to maintain the health of our horses. This is not intended to direct you on how to care for your horse. The intent of this is only to share what we do, and raise questions for you. We advise you to consult your veterinarian before making any changes in your horse's health care. The information found on our website is not to supersede the advice of your veterinarian. I AM Ranch Miniature Horses cannot be held liable for the care of your horse(s).This list is what we keep on hand and the amounts are our personal dosages. You need to consult a vet and not take my word as authority for your horses.
When we have horse emergencies, I have troubles thinking clearly, much less calculating dosages. Thus, it is a good idea to figure out the dosage in times of peace and write it with a Sharpee on the bottle.
Here is a list of what is good to have on hand:
Terramycin eye ointment and I have used Neosporin....but not the one with pain killer included.
Banamine injectable I inject 1cc for 100 pounds in my adult horses, but if I need Banamine for a foal, I use .1cc for 10 lbs. I also give it intramuscular. (IM) medication is given by needle into the muscle. Also, we never give it more than every 12 hours and after 2 days, we drop to 1 time per day. There area many issues (founder/laminitis) that can arise with overuses of Banamine. If you have never given a shot then DON'T till you have been taught. We make sure that we pull back to ascertain that we are not in a vein. If we see blood, we know we are in a vein. At that point, you remove the needle and try again. CLICK HERE to read on the possible danger of Clostridial Myonecrosis when injecting Banamine!!! I also have given the Banamine injectable via a syringe orally. I typically give some to each mare after foaling to ease her time post delivery. See below note. Follow the advice of your vet in all cases!
I give either Zantac , Tagament (Cimetidine) or Gastric guard (Prilosec has the same compound in it) after the Banamine or Bute to protect from ulcers. Young minis are especially susceptible! (the dosage of Zantac I use is = Ranitidine for horses is 3mg per pound, but you need to follow the advice of your vet). Aloe Vera juice, Mylanta and Greek Yogurt are other ways to coat the wall of the intestinal tract and protect it from the damage from Banamine.
Bute pills used for pain and inflammation, we have used it to treat navicular, after dental surgery and after any injury causing soreness. I dissolve the tablets in water and stir it into their treats of Strategy GX. Bute given in large doses can be toxic. I actually never use this on my mini horses.
Equioxx (Previcox) (firocoxib) is in the same genre of medications as bute and banamine. Pain relief is fairly equivalent, perhaps just a little less, but well worth it for the trade-off benefits of being easier on the gut. Equioxx is rather expensive, but if you can get your hands on it through cooperative sources, then the dog version of Equioxx can be used. It is exactly the same medication and is much cheaper. Just need to calculate dosing and it is considered "off label", so may be a little harder to come by in this form. Do not use if your horse is taking other NSAIDs or aspirin or corticosteroids.
SMZs antibiotic (tablets) trimethoprim sulfa. (800/160mg)They're used for bacterial infections of various types, like sinus or gutteral pouch infection, bacterial pneumonia, and lots more. Last year, when we had to aid Turbolina's birth and go the birth canal, I put her on them just to prevent any potential infections post birthing. It was a proactive treatment. If I am giving them to a 250-300 pound miniature, I give 3 tablets or 1 tab per 80lbs, 2 times per day.However, I can't stress enough though that you need not to trust me and call your vet.
Epineprine used to counteract severe allergic reactions, which may occur after a vaccination. Begin with 1/2 the dose and watch to see if there is an improvement over the next few minutes. If not, then give a bit more. You don't want to overdose with this medicine. (my bottle calls for 1 cc per 100 # body weight)
Needles and Syringes we use a 1" needle on our minis.
Aspirin Recently Noah's cough needed 4 aspirin served 2 times per day to help decrease any possible inflammation. He is a 33" mini. When Painted Suns Gotta Have Faith got hurt, we put her on 1.5 Bayer Aspirin 2 times per day. We were guessing she weighed about 90 pounds. I don't like using Banamine or Bute on the foals due to the risk of ulcers when you do this.
Benadryl For our herd, I double dose the horses according to body weight
Vitamin C - Great for when there are snotty noses.
Vitamin E - We use about 1000 mg when a cold is in the barn
Cough Free - Great to use after the snot is gone.
I Am Ranch Miniature Horses is sharing with you what we do to maintain the health of our horses. This is not intended to direct you on how to care for your horse. The intent of this is only to share what we do, and raise questions for you. We advise you to consult your veterinarian before making any changes in your horse's health care. The information found on our website is not to supersede the advice of your veterinarian. I AM Ranch Miniature Horses cannot be held liable for the care of your horse(s).